Scheiner 2012, QRB; Scheiner and Willig 2011 monograph
DomainThe spatial and temporal patterns of the distribution and abundance or organisms, including causes and consequences.
- Organisms are distributed unevenly in space and time.
- Organisms interact with their abiotic and biotic environments.
- Variation in the characteristics of organisms results in heterogeneity of ecological patterns and processes.
- The distributions of organisms and their interactions depend on contingencies.
- Environmental conditions are heterogeneous in space and time.
- Resources are finite and heterogeneous in space and time.
- Birth rates and death rates are a consequence of interactions with the abiotic and biotic environment.
- The ecological properties of species are the result of evolution.
Stevens' general theory of ecology
DomainLife: its constituent entities, causes, and consequences.
- All entities are systems, with some internal complexity.
- All entities change.
- Some entities may have inputs and outputs.
- All rates of change, including inputs and outputs, are influenced directly by physical factors.
- Some entities interact.
- All observers must choose specific temporal and spatial scales at which to make observations.